Jennifer Lewy, MSW
A sore throat is the general name for two common conditions:
Many things can cause pharyngitis and tonsillopharyngitis, such as:
Sore throats are more common in certain people although anyone can get a sore throat. Risk factors that may increase your change of getting a sore throat include:
Along with the sore throat, you may have other symptoms, such as:
Call your doctor if you:
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests calling your child's doctor if your child has a sore throat that continues through the day (no matter what other symptoms are present).
If you think you have an emergency, get medical care right away.
The doctor will perform a physical exam, looking closely at your mouth, throat, nose, ears, and the lymph nodes in your neck.
Treatment depends on the cause of the sore throat. Options include:
Here are ways to reduce your chance of getting a sore throat:
American Academy of Pediatrics
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
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Last reviewed September 2012 by Brian Randall, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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