| Risk Factors
Obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) is a personality disorder characterized by excessive perfectionism and a need for control over one's environment. People with OCPD tend to be reliable and orderly, but also inflexible and unable to surrender control.
It is not clear what causes personality disorders, but it is likely a combination of inherited factors and a person's environment.
OCPD is more common in men, especially in early adulthood. Other factors that may increase your chance of OCPD include:
OCPD may cause:
- Perfectionism interfering with task completion
- Being frugal with money
- Overattention to detail
- Excessive devotion to work
- Inability to discard worn or useless items
- Extreme morality
- Inability to delegate tasks or share
- Stiff, formal, and/or rigid mannerisms
- Extreme preciseness and/or punctuality
You will likely be referred to a psychiatrist or therapist, who will ask you about your symptoms and mental and medical health history. A diagnosis will be made after a complete psychiatric assessment.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include:
Counseling that includes psychotherapy or
can help people with OCPD learn to have fun, avoid over-intellectualizing, and address control issues.
In some cases, antidepressant medications can help reduce obsessive-compulsive personality traits. However, long-term use of medications for OCPD has not been helpful. Antidepressants may also be used to treat an associated condition, like
There are no current guidelines to prevent OCPD. Early diagnosis and treatment can reduce how much the personality traits interfere with your life.
Obsessive compulsive disorder. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:
http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114503/Obsessive-compulsive-disorder-OCD. Updated June 13, 2016. Accessed September 27, 2016.
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder (OCPD). International OCD Foundation website. Available at:
http://www.ocfoundation.org/uploadedfiles/maincontent/find_help/ocpd%20fact%20sheet.pdf. Accessed August 21, 2014.
Last reviewed September 2016 by Michael Woods, MD, FAAP
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